What is a chemical peel?
A chemical peel is a skin treatment technique used to treat skin diseases, using a chemical solution that causes an accelerated renewal of the skin’s cells, causing dead cells to eventually peel off. The newly regenerated skin is, therefore, smoother, lighter and less wrinkled than the old skin and it is also temporarily more sensitive to the sun.
What types of chemical peel exist?
The main difference between chemical peels lies in the degree of depth of action and the histological and clinical changes involved. However, depth is also associated with longer healing times and a greater possibility of harmful side effects.
Superficial or ‘lunchtime’ peel:
These peels don’t require much downtime as they only
cause the destruction and total renewal of the stratum corneum and partial of the epidermis (the most superficial layers of skin). Alpha-hydroxy acid or another mild acid is used to treat only the outer layer of skin to gently exfoliate it. These treatments are used to improve the appearance of mild skin discolourations and rough skin. Because these are such mild treatments, superficial peels must be repeated several times in order to begin to see results. Lunchtime peels require one to seven days to heal. The cream should be applied until the skin is fully healed and daily sunscreen is mandatory to avoid sun damage.
These peels are popular since results can be achieved rather quickly. Medium peels might cause mild discomfort or stinging. Acids are applied to penetrate the outer and middle layers of skin to remove damaged skin cells. These treatments are used to improve the appearance of skin hyperpigmentation’s and improve the condition of acne skin. They can also be used to smooth rough skin and treat some precancerous skin growths such as actinic keratosis. Although the peeling process lasts a few days, medium peels could be your best bet if you are seeking visible results quickly. Medium peels require 7 to 14 days to heal and skin. It is recommended to soak skin daily, followed by ointment application. All sun exposure must be avoided until healing is complete. A follow-up appointment is necessary to monitor progress.
Deep peels are suitable to remove damaged skin cells from deeper layers of the skin, dramatically reducing the appearance of skin concerns such as wrinkles, acne scarring, etc. It is recommended to carry out these treatments once as they are much stronger and painful. A patient undergoing a deep peel must be prepared for weeks of downtime and must ensure skin is prepped prior to the treatment. Deep peels are used on the face and not on body areas and they require from 14 to 21 days to heal. The treated area will be protected with bandages and skin needs to be soaked for to six times daily, followed by ointment application for the first 14 days. All sun exposure must be avoided for 3 to 6 months. Several follow-up appointments will be necessary to monitor progress.
How does the peeling process work?
Prior to a chemical peel, the skin needs to be prepped with a product that is able to de-grease the surface of the skin. Then, a chemical acid solution is applied to the skin surface and left there for a specific period of time so that the product can act on the skin. After this time, another chemical solution is applied to neutralise the traces of the acid that raise the pH of the skin to counteract the aggressive effects of acids. Over the next 1 to 14 days, depending on how deep the chemical peeling has acted, the skin peels off. This procedure destroys part of the skin cell connections in a controlled way so that renewed and healthy skin can grow.
What can a chemical peel help to improve?
Soften fine lines and wrinkles
Reduce the appearance of ageing and photo ageing spots
Minimise the appearance of sun damage
Smooth away rough skin
Help uneven pigmentation appear more even
Improve the appearance of scars, particularly acne scars
Reduce the appearance of dark patches, known as melasma
Brighten your skin’s appearance for a fresher look
Reduce the appearance of enlarged pores
Reduce acne lesions
Treat actinic keratosis
How often can I repeat a peel session?
Superficial and medium depth peel procedures might be repeated every 2 weeks. However, 3 to 6 peels may be needed to achieve the desired results, and for deep peels, only one procedure is recommended.
TOSKANI Radiance Peel (Medium) £75
Medium chemical peel with an innovative whitening ingredient. It reaches an even skin tone through the attenuation of pigmented irregularities. Implements durable whitening effect lessens visible signs caused by sun damage, provides a brightening effect by eliminating superficial dead cells. Chloasma and Melasma, Age spots, Photo-ageing and Solar lentigo.
Glycolic Acid 34%, Citric Acid 10%, Lactic Acid 10%, Kojic Acid 5%, Salicylic Acid 3%
TOSKANI Rejuvenating Peel pH1 (Superficial) £75
Rejuvenating Peel is a uniquely tailored specific combination of Pyruvic Acid and Lactic Acid.
It is designed to lift the stratum corneum without invasive damage to the underlying viable epidermis. It consists of a safe chemical peel that is ideal for all skin types. Rejuvenating Peel has been developed to; Fight against moderate and advanced wrinkles, provide anti-flaccidity action, Revitalise skin.
Pyruvic Acid 40%, Lactic Acid 9%
TOSKANI Purifying Peel pH2.5 (Superficial) £75
Purifying Peel is a combination of Salicylic Acid and Azelaic Acid, which renews the skin by lifting dead cells off the surface and stimulating the proliferation of cells in the basal layer underneath, which improves the health of oily and acne-prone skin. With the application of Purifying Peel, you can quickly achieve substantial improvement in the appearance of acne-related disorders.
Purifying Peel is ideal to Control sebaceous secretion, reduce dilated pores, improve cases of acneic couperosis Indication, acne and acneic scars, Folliculitis, Hyperkeratosis, Acneic couperose.
Salicylic Acid 20%, Azelaic Acid 14%
TOSKANI Lactic Peel 30% pH 1.6 – 2.0 £75
One of the gentlest chemical peels is the lactic acid peel. It is an alpha hydroxy acid like glycolic acid but is much gentler and helps the skin maintain its ideal PH factor. Lactic acid peels are recommended for people who have very sensitive skin that might not be able to tolerate the slightly more intense peels. Lactic Peel exfoliates the surface of the skin while it cleans deeply the pores. It stimulates natural collagen production and reduces the intensity of skin Hyperpigmentation. It can brighten and lighten the skin and improve the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines.
Lactic Acid 30%
Chemical Peel & Microneeding - £195
Chemical Peel & Dermplaning - £100